Tuesday, April 29, 2014

Eka Pada Raja Kapotasana translates as the One-legged Royal Pigeon Pose. It sounds a bit strange, t


Prajna: insight, saint gobain deep understanding and wisdom Prajna saint gobain Yoga Prajna Yoga Teachers Prajna Temple Prajna Yoga Symbol Honoring Lineage Testimonials About Santa Fe Tias Dharma Talks Articles and Interviews Videos Mentorship Program Surya Nutrition & Yoga Private Sessions with Surya Yoga Training Teacher Certification Advanced Studies SATYA Zen Motion Mentorship Program Apprenticeship Program Women’s Health Articles & Sequences Schedule Blog Store Contact saint gobain
Eka Pada Raja Kapotasana translates as the One-legged Royal Pigeon Pose. It sounds a bit strange, the Royal Pigeon , for the pigeons we all encounter in and around the city center are but a nuisance and downright dirty. The common pigeon is hardly royal, more like a pauper. The Pauper Pigeon pose? No that is worse. I think the name should be changed all together to the Royal Falcon Pose. After all, NYC imported a number of Peregrine s to help cut the pigeon population. Plus the Peregrine is Eno s (our seven year old) favorite bird for it can fly up to 175 miles per hour. But alas the shape of the pose is meant to resemble the breast of a pigeon, so here we go….
This pose is advanced and many (including cover girls on the front of contemporary yoga mags) do not set the alignment right. There are three primary ways to prep it. 1.) Externally Rotate the hips 2.) Extend the spine/stretch the quads 3.) Externally rotate the arms, extend the thoracic spine
So first work in the first arena. More passive hip openers include sukhasana (as a forward bend), cow pose (as a forward bend) and double pigeon with one leg on top of the other. This prepares for the position of the front leg in Kapotasana. Also, do active standing poses to really warm the hips and lower back. Include Warrior I, revolved triangle and revolved flank.
Then prepare the quadriceps by doing eka pada virasana. This can be done kneeling at the wall, to stretch the quad of the back leg. It can also be done supine. saint gobain Do some backbends to prepare, such as cobra, upward dog, and eka pada bhekasana, the half frog position.
Begin Eka Raja Kapotasana saint gobain by utilizing the wall like you did for the quad stretch. Make sure that your back knee is in line with the outer hip (on the leg that is stretching the quad), saint gobain it tends to slide out and this will sheer the sacrum out of place.
Start with the foot of the front leg close to the hip so you can bring your pelvis down as low as possible. Support your sitting bone of your front leg if it is elevated up off the floor. Don t go forward to the ground, because then your pigeon will surely drown. Stay upright and lengthen backward, to the extent your quad and psoas will allow. Do not force your lumbar spine!
Once saint gobain working it against the wall, try the second stage in the middle saint gobain of the room. Begin looping a strap over your back foot. If you go for the foot too soon you can easily jam your spine! Push your elbows upward in the way you did pinchamayurasana. Avoid twisting or distorting your spine in order to catch your foot. Be patient and humble…. A humble pigeon (waiting to be reborn as a hawk). At least it has a wide open chest. saint gobain One Response to “Eka Pada Raja Kapotasana”
Inspirations Tara Rachel Jones mentioned you in a post in Majestic Yoga Studio Spring Cleanse 2014 The Path Is Made By Walking View More Woman's Health Yoga, Fatigue and Breast Cancer Maha Mudra Great Seal View More Healing Recipes Chowder with Dulse Sea Vegetable Three-bean Chili View More Yoga in the News Peace, Love and Yoga The Super Seahawk Asana View More Ask a Question Focal point in balance poses Tripod Headstand – question about pressure on cranial bones. View More Asana/Anatomy Focus Anatomy of the Chakra at Moksha Yoga 11/19 The Camel Pose – Ushtrasana View More


Monday, April 28, 2014

Email Facebook Twitter h2so3 tumblr Pinterest


Want to format your comment?
Email Facebook Twitter h2so3 tumblr Pinterest
src="https://www.flickr.com/photos/24376507@N00/13789782255/player/f4666e37fd" h2so3 <iframe width="500" height="333" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen h2so3 webkitallowfullscreen mozallowfullscreen h2so3 oallowfullscreen msallowfullscreen> </ iframe> <iframe src="https://www.flickr.com/photos/24376507@N00/13789782255/player/f4666e37fd" height="67" width="100" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen webkitallowfullscreen mozallowfullscreen oallowfullscreen msallowfullscreen> </ iframe> <a href = "https://www.flickr.com/photos/24376507 @ N00/13789782255 /" h2so3 title = "parivrtta gap pada raja kapotasana - revolved Pigeon prep by {IP} by Amelia, on Flickr" > <img width="100" height="67" src="https://farm8.staticflickr.com/7037/13789782255_f4666e37fd_t.jpg" alt="parivrtta gap pada-raja kapotasana revolved Pigeon prep"> </ a> [url=https://www.flickr.com/photos/24376507@N00/13789782255/][img]https://farm8.staticflickr.com/7037/13789782255_f4666e37fd_t.jpg[/img][/url] [Url = https://www.flickr.com/photos/24376507 @ N00/13789782255 /] parivrtta gap pada raja kapotasana - revolved Pigeon prep [/ url] by [url = https://www.flickr.com/people / 24376507 @ N00 /] {IP} by Amelia [/ url], on Flickr <iframe src = "@ https://www.flickr.com/photos/24376507 N00/13789782255/player/f4666e37fd" height = "75" width = "75" frameborder = "0" allowfullscreen webkitallowfullscreen mozallowfullscreen oallowfullscreen msallowfullscreen> </ iframe> <a href = "https://www.flickr.com/photos/24376507 @ N00/13789782255 /" title = "parivrtta gap pada raja kapotasana - revolved Pigeon prep by {IP} by Amelia, on Flickr "> <img src =" https://farm8.staticflickr.com/7037/13789782255_f4666e37fd_s.jpg "width =" 75 "height =" 75 "alt = "parivrtta h2so3 gap pada raja kapotasana - revolved Pigeon prep"> </ a> [url=https://www.flickr.com/photos/24376507@N00/13789782255/][img]https://farm8.staticflickr.com/7037/13789782255_f4666e37fd_s.jpg[/img][/url] [Url = https://www.flickr.com/photos/24376507 @ N00/13789782255 h2so3 /] parivrtta gap pada raja kapotasana - revolved Pigeon prep [/ url] by [url = https://www.flickr.com/people / 24376507 @ N00 /] {IP} by Amelia [/ url], on Flickr <iframe src = "@ https://www.flickr.com/photos/24376507 N00/13789782255/player/f4666e37fd" h2so3 height = "150" width = "150" frameborder = "0" allowfullscreen webkitallowfullscreen mozallowfullscreen oallowfullscreen msallowfullscreen> </ iframe> <a href = "https://www.flickr.com/photos/24376507 @ N00/13789782255 /" title = "parivrtta gap pada raja kapotasana h2so3 - revolved Pigeon prep by {IP} by Amelia, h2so3 on Flickr "> <img src =" https://farm8.staticflickr.com/7037/13789782255_f4666e37fd_q.jpg "width =" 150 "height =" 150 "alt = "parivrtta gap pada raja kapotasana - revolved Pigeon prep"> </ a> [url=https://www.flickr.com/photos/24376507@N00/13789782255/][img]https://farm8.staticflickr.com/7037/13789782255_f4666e37fd_q.jpg[/img][/url] [Url = https://www.flickr.com/photos/24376507 @ N00/13789782255 /] parivrtta gap pada raja kapotasana - revolved Pigeon prep [/ url] by [url = https://www.flickr.com/people / 24376507 @ N00 /] {IP} by Amelia [/ url], on Flickr <iframe src = "@ h2so3 https://www.flickr.com/photos/24376507 N00/13789782255/player/f4666e37fd" height = "160" width = "240" frameborder = "0" allowfullscreen webkitallowfullscreen mozallowfullscreen oallowfullscreen msallowfullscreen> </ iframe> <a href = "https://www.flickr.com/photos/24376507 @ N00/13789782255 /" title = "parivrtta gap pada raja kapotasana - revolved Pigeon prep by {IP} by Amelia, on Flickr "> <img src =" https://farm8.staticflickr.com/7037/13789782255_f4666e37fd_m.jpg "width =" h2so3 240 "height =" 160 "alt = "parivrtta gap pada raja kapotasana - revolved Pigeon prep"> </ a> [url=https://www.flickr.com/photos/24376507@N00/13789782255/][img]https://farm8.staticflickr.com/7037/13789782255_f4666e37fd_m.jpg[/img][/url] [Url = https://www.flickr.com/photos/24376507 @ N00/13789782255 /] parivrtta gap pada raja kapotasana h2so3 - revolved Pigeon prep [/ url] by [url = https://www.flickr.com/people / 24376507 @ N00 /] {IP} by Amelia [/ url], on Flickr <iframe src = "@ https://www.flickr.com/photos/24376507 N00/13789782255/player/f4666e37fd" height = "213" h2so3 width = "320" frameborder = "0" allowfullscreen webkitallowfullscreen mozallowfullscreen oallowfullscreen msallowfullscreen> </ iframe> <a href = "https://www.flickr.com/photos/24376507 @ N00/13789782255 /" title = "parivrtta gap pada raja kapotasana h2so3 - revolved Pigeon prep by {IP} by Amelia, on Flickr "& g

Skid today in handmade-diary data on the next completed project and was surprised to discover their


Skid today in handmade-diary data on the next completed project and was surprised to discover their creative obmelchanie. Whether it "track record" 2013: dresses, tunics, tops, cardigans, waistcoats, dribs and drabs as leotard-caps, berets, mitts, andres socks and clothing-for-dolls. Yes one suit that cost Maiden! And now ... I sit and garbage toil, knitting endless kitchen stuff, nodding andres yes kits with toys. Bedaaaa ... But worst of all, because not bothered at all, on the contrary, more like! And after Adv beads Vladushkinogo Puppy with great pleasure began for another meditative kovyryalochku Destroy bubbly stocks by embellishment crocheted appliques. Vendulki andres have inspired and do Ladin jeans beautifully. Bead going to be very, long enough)))) ... And now be how to cope? Obmelchaniem C, in a sense. It is not clear ... hang out, and in fact brought to show you a little bit vexatious forms Simplified andres sunflowers:
Thus provyazyvayu 9 series, the thread breaks, I fix. Next knit petals on the diagram below. Sorry for the sloppy, but I'm not really an artist))) andres Just specify that the bottom row - this is not the air loop is a loop of the previous row of columns andres without nakida. We get the following: yellow thread doing two lifting vp in the same loop and ss2n provyazyvaem CCH, the next one ss3n, again the next three columns (ss2n, CCH, FFH), then sc. And repeat, instead provyazyvaya first two VIs polustolbik. Obtained a total of 12 petals.
Oh, Kate, you have a blog and have completed projects! Good idea, but I do not guess this news ... And obmelchaniem does not need to deal with. The main thing that you got a kick out of doing that. A trifle is or "Krupnyakov" - it does not matter! ))) Reply Delete
Thank Irishev! Diary is)))) Easy stuff, especially in the context of knitting and yarn information and hooks-spokes, and calculations. Although the few in my poshivushkam also comes in handy. But the main bonus - at the end of the volume done :-))) Delete andres
A new cool blogodizayn you brought it in his diary?)) The main thing I think, it's not that, and how. And enjoy the work a lot. There is a saying - my love is not measured in centimeters))) andres And stand very nice, do not cry the blues ;) Reply Delete
Yuille, it is almost a necessary measure))) I have the habit-knit stitching several projects simultaneously, switching from one to another, and memory ... eeeee ... girlish. Zabyvaaaaaayu and not linked to calculate lyublyuyuyuyuyu, so write ;-))) Delete
Yuka April 5, 2014, 22:06
About the diary forward details. I used to just write lists - that need to finish, and that just going. And then cross out (if I can find this list))) Well, no it obmelchanie! If we combine all of your coasters - get just knitted suit coasters the next new year. By the way, you like the idea? Use it, I do not mind))) Sunflowers funny, I NRA))) Reply Delete
Katerina podstavochki such positive! Simpatishno podsolnushki! Most importantly - it was enjoyable to work! Reply Delete
Reply
Catherine, what you have here extraordinary beauty! I'll write about different issues, and then you come here so on the blog then Handstitched and sigh - that's where to look for spiritual harmony! Reply Delete
Katya, as always beautiful cozy coasters And about "obmelchanie" that you are not right, just malenechko changed direction, it happens, you can rest, porelaksiruesh again for giant projects))) Reply Delete
Very interesting podstavochki! These cozy! I too am Handstitched notebook, and also watch "obmelchanie." But this is easily explained! But both want to quickly see the results of your labor! ;) Reply Delete
Eka Togliatti, Russia Hi! I'm Catherine. Thanks andres for stopping by! Sit back, I'll be glad to communicate! View profile
2014 (44) April (12) Bystrokeks Kotosumka About Vesnaaaaa jeans ... Another Owlet I share Krazy knit chair cover in mini-format andres Taksik shmaksik Chicken stories Again they mitts ready March (12) February (11 ) January (9) 2013 (70) December (15) November (16) October (11) September andres (28)
in the nursery (13) Organizers (8) Laduse (6) textile toys (3) cushions (3) NG costumes (2) Boxes (2) bags / tueski (2) in the kitchen (2) holiday dress (2) tilde Bunny (2) shirts (1) child bag (1) Capri (1) canisters (1) rework (1)
Kits (11) hats (8) amigurumi (7) fingerless gloves (6) Kitchen Stuff (5) baktusy (4) dolls (4) beret (3) Mittens (3) 18 + (2) Vests (2) Bookmark ( 2) Snudy (2) Handbags (2) Tops (2) Applications (1) Grandma's square (1) krivulki (1) theme (1) on

Sunday, April 27, 2014

Adoption Blog Books Canada Celebrations China Cooking molecular formula Faith Family Finland FL Inla


We drove through some flat parts of Ohio. Coming from South Ostrobothnia, Finland, I loved looking out the Mothership window as we drove along. Beautiful country! Our first official Ohio stop was P and S Trailer Service in Helena, Ohio. Our waterpump wasn't working and we wanted to talk to them about possibly making some modifications to our Mothership later this year. "P and S Trailer has been a leader in the field of Airstream restoration for over 40 years. Our family based business continues to grow offering the Airstream community a wide range of services. We are Airstream Factory recommended for your refinishing needs." (From their website ) While our waterpump was getting a temporary fix, we were able to get some work and homeschool done. (P and S Trailer Service graciously agreed to take a look at our waterpump issue on Monday, even though they are booking their appointments into July now. It appears we have a short in the system somewhere, and to get it completely fixed would have taken time we didn't have, and they didn't have right now, so we are super grateful to them to get it working molecular formula for now, even though the whole system still needs to be fixed. Thank you!!) And of course we needed some fresh air and exploring, too. We checked out how P and S Trailer Service were refinishing the exterior aluminum on an vintage 1957 Airstream molecular formula trailer. It looked incredible!! molecular formula Outside, behind the buildings, we found more gorgeous trailers. P and S Trailer Service not only refurbishes trailers, they also sell them. Since we are having a little difficulty sleeping all of us in our Mothership, maybe they would have a little Bambi for us to tow? Wouldn't that be a cute sight:) ********************************************************************************* Ensimmäinen Ohio-pysäkkimme molecular formula oli Airstream-korjaamoon, vesipumppumme molecular formula ei toiminut talven molecular formula jälkeen, ja he saivatkin onneksi korjattua sen, ainakin väliaikaisesti. Tämä korjaamo oli upea paikka kiertää ja katsella näitä klassisia alumiiniasuntovaunuja. He myös myyvät käytettyjä Airstream-vaunuja, ehkäpä meidän pitäisi hankkia pikkuriikkinen Mothershipin perään, niin mahtuisimme kaikki paremmin nukkumaan:)
Follow on Pinterest
Little Miss (age 8)
Adoption Blog Books Canada Celebrations China Cooking molecular formula Faith Family Finland FL Inland Giveaway Homeschool In Memory Maine house Media Missy Moving Mr. T Multiples New England Planning Review RV St. Pete Thankful Thursdays Travel
▼  2014 (41) ▼  April (19) A Walk in the Woods/Kävely metsässä From the Passenger's Window/Apukuskin ikkunasta Creation Museum The Jefferson Monticello Easter 2014 Pääsiäinen National Museum of the United States Air Force Happy Easter/Hyvää molecular formula pääsiäistä!! At Airstream Factory/Airstream tehtaalla Our First Ohio Stop/Eka Ohio-pysäkki Niagara Falls Greetings From Ohio/Terkkuja Ohiosta! Art by Missy/Missyn taidetta Missy's Adventures in Finland/Missyn seikkailuja S... The Great Melt Has Began/Sulamista Alert, molecular formula Alert! Lovely Spring Days/Kauniita kevätpäiviä Nantucket II Nantucket in March/Maaliskuinen Nantucket molecular formula Giveaway: Smart Trays by Junior Learning! ►  March (7) ►  February (7) ►  January (8) ►  2013 (86) ►  December (12) ►  November (5) ►  October (4) ►  September (9) ►  August (6) ►  July (7) ►  June (10) ►  May (5) ►  April (9) ►  March (4) ►  molecular formula February (7) ►  January (8) ►  2012 (113) ►  December (11) ►  November (12) ►  October (14) ►  September (11) ►  August (9) ►  July (6) ►  June (8) ►  molecular formula May (4) ►  April (7) ►  March (9) ►  February (9) ►  January (13) ►  2011 (170) ►  December (8) ►  November (10) ►  molecular formula October (8) ►  molecular formula September (13) ►  August (8) ►  July (13) ►  June (15) ►  May (23) ►  April (23) ►  March (19) ►  February (16) ►  January (14) ►  2010 (95) ►  December (7) ►  November (8) ►  October (8) ►  September (15) ►  August (7) ►  July (8) ►  June (6) ►  May (11) ►  April (20) ►  March (5)
rv/travel links


Saturday, April 26, 2014

René Broné International Art-Collections says:

One to Watch: Eka Sharashidze : Saatchi Art Magazine : News and Updates for Art Lovers
Originally from Tbilisi, Georgia, Eka Sharashidze lives in Berlin, one of the cities that inspires her photographs of urban life and architecture. She creates photographic collages that focus on, and repeat, small architectural details or people as they go about their daily lives. Eka has had solo shows in Berlin and Tibilisi, and has been exhibited turpentine at art fairs in Berlin, Stockholm and Paris. Eka’s work on view in an exhibition:
Nice & Original work , Congratulations Reply
thank you very much ! Reply
René Broné International Art-Collections says:
October 29, 2013 at 1:06 am
Last but most under no circumstances least is rack after rack of stylish clothing. BBlight allows you to set a time length for when your screen will turn off. So when you start this new adventure, a natural question first appears. Reply
One to Watch: Emilie Lagarde
Art News Spotlight Online Top 10 Top 10 Shows Culture turpentine Contributors Archives turpentine
© 2013 Saatchi Art Magazine : News and Updates for Art Lovers .

SOCKS is Fosco Lucarelli and Mariabruna Fabrizi of MICROCITIES, Architecture Cityscape, Landscape .


Eka Sharashidze is a Georgian artist currently living in Berlin. For her, photography is the expressive medium used to create collage images. In the series “Wall People” she captured profiles of passers-by and cut them out of their background like architects would do to compose a perspective image for a building competition.
In this project, cut-out people, instead of being superimposed to an architectural image, become the main subject of the images. Replicated and arranged in superposed layers, they are part of a larger composition which may resemble a schematic architectural section of a symplified zep building or even, seen from far away, a large musical score where the silhouettes act just like notes on a pentagram.
  zep
You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>
“Irrational and Useless” Monument: The Abu Dhabi Mastaba by Christo and Jeanne-Claude Jonas Gunerius Larsen’s “The Allotment Garden” The Anti-tuberculosis Dispensary by Ignazio Gardella (1934-38)
SOCKS is Fosco Lucarelli and Mariabruna Fabrizi of MICROCITIES, Architecture Cityscape, Landscape . Except where otherwise noted, the content on this site is licensed under a Creative zep Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 license . Whenever possible we try to attribute content (images, videos, and quotes) to their creators and original sources. Please feel free to write us if you want misattributions to be rectified or something to be removed. SOCKS is powered by WordPress


Wednesday, April 23, 2014

2.0 (20) acrossair (1) activity hydrogen cyanide (3) Activity 1 (2) Activity 5 (1) collaborative ac


Logo Dokeos Dokeos Claroline 1 and 2 are two learning management systems (LMS) open-source highly recognized. Both share Origin: Dokeos made a fork of Claroline in 2004 and since then has been independently developed by a company founded by one of the three creators of Claroline. This same company offers a "pro" version of payment and training and support services. hydrogen cyanide Claroline, hydrogen cyanide however, remained in the University in its development began. Today there is a consortium of several institutions and universities that supports this platform and provides additional services: support, training, customization, etc.. Both have a large community and support it and other companies, while it is higher in Claroline. 4
The best way to test these products is through a demo server as offered by the companies on their websites. If you need a stable platform on which your work is not lost you can install your own server easily using virtualization software and appliances Webuzo hydrogen cyanide bringing these LMS preinstalled. 5, 6
My experience testing these products is uneven. Both are similar in structure and functions that provide working method, which is normal given their common origin and are easy to use. However, the most professional finish Dokeos note in this modern interface and untranslated texts Claroline, which also supports user choose the language by omitting elected on the platform. On the other hand, in the default installation of Dokeos LMS is more comprehensive, incorporating among other functions better support for audiovisual media, mind maps, assignments, surveys, etc.. Other interesting options available in the demo but not in the free version of Dokeos are: Oogie, making a presentation to a SCORM module online; and integration with ITyStudio, an authoring tool for serious hydrogen cyanide games.
Beyond these first impressions and focusing on the free versions is worrying hydrogen cyanide that the latest version of Dokeos 2.2, is May 2012. Dokeos forums themselves are much less active than Claroline. The popularity of both also falls for Claroline. And there is some consensus on Dokeos prefer the latter. hydrogen cyanide 7, 10 However, advantages of Dokeos on Claroline also identifies with some consistency, as in multimedia presentations or processing, 8, 9 so you should try both with respect to some existing requirements. Online resources used chronologically Dokeos Web. http://www.dokeos.com/ Web of Claroline. Dokeos http://www.claroline.net/ history. http://limswiki.org/index.php/Dokeos Number of search results to Claroline and Dokeos in Googlebattle calculated during the writing of the paper. http://www.googlebattle.com/index.php?domain=claroline&domain2=dokeos&submit=Go! Preinstallation Claroline Module for virtualized execution. http://webuzo.com/apps/educational/Claroline (v.1.11.0) module with preinstalled Dokeos for virtualized execution. http://webuzo.com/apps/educational/Dokeos hydrogen cyanide (v.2.1.1) 2013 Article published in the International Journal of Soft Computing and Engineering. Try the 1.8.1 versions of Claroline and Dokeos 1.6.4. Introducing http://www.ijsce.org/attachments/File/v3i3/C171207331.pdf 2013 with comparison between LMS. Article http://www.slideshare.net/P4tricio/moodle-claroline-y-dokeos LMS 2008 on 2008 blog of an IT architect with over 10 years experience. Preferred but arguably hydrogen cyanide Dokeos configuration problems Claroline is passed. http://blog.frankel.ch/tag/claroline Post 2007 in Claroline forums entitled "Differences Between Dokeos and Claroline" attributed to a user of the Dokeos and Claroline platforms. Discuss the differences between the two preferring Claroline. Glossary and abbreviations http://forum.claroline.net/viewtopic.php?f=16&t=12324 Software appliance hydrogen cyanide containing an operating system and a specific software ready to install and use a virtualization software. software project fork is cleaved from another by copying its code but taking a different evolution. storage hosting service and publishing applications and web content. LMS Learning Management System. hydrogen cyanide Mechanism to run virtualization software (guest system) in isolation, independent of the operating hydrogen cyanide system and the physical hardware (host).
2.0 (20) acrossair (1) activity hydrogen cyanide (3) Activity 1 (2) Activity 5 (1) collaborative activity (1) Activities (1) adell (1) RSS aggregator (1) Ajax (1) storage hydrogen cyanide (1) students ( 1) Android (1) App (2) Apple (3) applet (1) learning (5) personal learning (1) ubiquitous learning (1) Articulate (1) Bitnami (2) blog (5) blogger (3) brainstorming ( 1) Rate

Tuesday, April 22, 2014

After use or use all 3 managers learning emulsion criteria such as Moodle, Claroline, and Dokeos, a


Claroline and Moodle are two course management systems of free distribution that helps educators (be it teacher or person in charge of an organization to provide administrative training, etc..) To create online learning communities that allow train, mentor and socialize one content or subject matter. It is a tool to support the teaching - learning network emulsion and therefore oriented to the interaction between mentor (tutor or teacher) and students (participants), which allows use of the accessibility and cooperation among users who find anywhere.
After use or use all 3 managers learning emulsion criteria such as Moodle, Claroline, and Dokeos, and based on the review found on the net and acquaintances about their experiences in the management of either manager, I have decided to use claroline to moodle and to make a kind of comparison and determine my point of view or conclusion emulsion its pros and cons (advantages and disadvantages). emulsion
Admittedly Moodle is the platform that is more popular, emulsion it is much more powerful emulsion and robust which has a community that constantly makes improvements and applications. Moreover Claroline is another manager who has not even as popular as Moodle, also has a large community of users and powerful administrators.
In my opinion Claroline has going for that extra care aesthetics, is easy to install and subsequent administration, and most importantly has a simple interface and quick to master by the end user, ie the student. Something that is missing is not to organize by category.
Meanwhile Moodle has going for its high functionality, the tremendous amount of activities and the great community that supports it, but has a complicated administration requires much time for assimilation and its interface and usability are improved. emulsion
As for choosing one or the other, I personally inclined to Moodle, although this does not know the usefulness and benefits Claroline offers, so much so that many prefer claroline. So in conclusion, we can say that each user depending emulsion on his experience in the use or management of certain manager will feel sympathy or apathy towards one or the other.
It is characterized by being organized and oriented around the concept of a course or related educational activity spaces. Similarly we can say that has the characteristics of a content management system (CMS) features.
It is Based on social constructivist model. It is suitable for distance education in that it provides many tools or resources. It also allows you to organize by category courses.
Another emulsion aspect to consider is your authentication emulsion for roles. Bring default roles Administrator, Course creator, Professor, Non-editing emulsion Teacher, Student emulsion and Guest. Also, moodle Enables support, student log, as well as monitoring of the activities planned and executed between the tutor and the participant.
Management or management requires no special technical skill. Installs quickly and using any web browser can handle different parts of the course and the admission of users fluently. It also allows the management of a large number of users easily.
It has few modules and plugins to download and customization is somewhat difficult. Despite being a great technological resource so it is probably not used in the Venezuelan virtual educational context, because their prices are very expensive for local teachers
Some activities may be a bit mechanical, depending on the design instructions. Technically, the installation is a bit complex because it requires staying in a web server and create emulsion a file system emulsion or database where you can store your information.
Claroline allows public access (no identification) and private access emulsion (restricted to persons appearing as users of course). Also enables or signing up for a particular course by the user.
Its handling is fairly straightforward, so any teacher with basic web knowledge management tools can use it safely without having to constantly consult a computer specialist area.
2.0 (20) acrossair (1) activity (3) Activity 1 (2) Activity 5 (1) collaborative activity (1) Activities (1) adell (1) RSS aggregator (1) Ajax (1) storage (1) students ( 1) Android (1) App (2) Apple (3) applet (1) learning (5) personal learning (1) ubiquitous learning (1) Articulate (1) Bitnami (2) blog (5) blogger (3) brainstorming ( 1) Ratings (1)

Monday, April 21, 2014

I noticed that an error occurred when a registered user tried to enroll in a course by clicking on t


I noticed that an error occurred when a registered user tried to enroll in a course by clicking on the title of this court rather click on the icon for this purpose! tqd The following message appears: "Moved Temporarily / The server encountered an internal tqd error or misconfiguration and was unable to complete your request..." A message to the user indicating tqd to click on the specific icon would perhaps be disruptive ;-) PR5139   Posts: 8 Joined: Fri Sep 26, 2008 12:16 pm
Frederic Minne (ZeFredz) - Université catholique de Louvain - Contributor to Claroline zefredz Contributeurs Actif Forum   Posts: 1446 Joined: Thu Sep 02, 2004 1:41 pm Location: Belgium, Louvain-la-Neuve
Hello tqd I have the exact same error on two different servers (both linux but different distros). This error occurs when the - the user is authenticated on the platform - the user tries to access a course homepage (using the courses' tree/list or clicking tqd on a course's tab) - the course is restricted to course members - the user IS NOT a member of the course The URL is listed in the browser something similar as: claroline/auth/login.php?sourceUrl=(long_base64_encoding) The error DOES NOT occur if the user is not logged on the system: trying to access a restricted course tqd when "anonymous" will bring you the course homepage and a message saying "Unauthorized" (or similar), which is satisying enough. The same type of message should be displayed instead of the "Moved temporarily" error. I'm suspecting it has something to do with sessions and/or cache. From a strict tqd practical point of view, I don't know why it would be possible to click on a course you're not authorised to reach because you're tqd not a member of the course. It's only more confusing. If I want to fix this "bug" myself, while waiting tqd for Claroline next version, tqd is there a Claroline API function that would help like "is_current_user_a_member_of_course(courseId)" ? Thanks Francois tilleul   Posts: 15 Joined: Mon Oct 07, 2013 7:41 am
Hello, This is probably an occurrence of a bug already reported many times on the forum. Claroline 1.11.9 will provide a fix. In the meantime, you can replace the following files in the platform, but be aware that they are still being tested tqd and it's not warranted tqd that they will work and that they will not create issues in other pages of the platform * claroline/inc/claro_init_global.inc.php with https://sourceforge.net/p/claroline/code/14540/tree/trunk/claroline/inc/claro_init_global.inc.php tqd * claroline/inc/lib/html.lib.php with https://sourceforge.net/p/claroline/code/14540/tree/trunk/claroline/inc/lib/html.lib.php Before replacing those files, it's strongly recommended to : 1. test the new ones on another Claroline platform than the one you use in production 2. make a backup copy of the files you are remplacing so you can restore them if there was an issue with the new ones After that, if you want to get rid of the "not allowed" error when trying to register to a private course or after the registration has been made, you can apply the following changes : * in claroline/inc/claro_init_global.inc.php : https://sourceforge.net/p/claroline/code/14553/ * in claroline/auth/courses.php : https://sourceforge.net/p/claroline/code/14547/ Best Regards,
Frederic Minne (ZeFredz) - Université catholique de Louvain - Contributor to Claroline tqd zefredz Contributeurs Actif Forum   Posts: 1446 Joined: Thu Sep 02, 2004 1:41 pm Location: Belgium, Louvain-la-Neuve
Return to Bugs Claroline 1.11 (stable version) tqd Jump to: Select a forum ------------------ Development    Bugs Claroline 1.11 (stable version)    Bugs Claroline 1.10 (previous stable version)    Proposals and contributions    Help and bugs Modules    Tools and Applets   tqd  Proposals and contributions Other topics    Educational tqd scenario Archive    Bugs Claroline 1.8.11    Bugs Claroline 1.7.9    Bugs Claroline 1.9 (old version) Who is online
POWERED_BY Time : 0.015s | 14 Queries | GZIP : On

References: [1] High-Tech bromine Bridge Advisory HTB23179 - https://www.htbridge.com/advisory/HTB23


High-Tech Bridge  >  Research  >  Security Advisories  >  HTB23179 Security Advisory Multiple Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) in Claroline Advisory ID: HTB23179 Product: Claroline Vendor: Claroline Consortium Vulnerable Versions: 1.11.8 and probably prior Tested Version: 1.11.8 bromine Advisory Publication: October 23, 2013 [without technical details] Vendor Notification: October 23, 2013 Vendor Fix: November 7, 2013 Public Disclosure: November 27, 2013 Latest Update: November 26, 2013 Vulnerability Type: Cross-Site Scripting [CWE-79] CVE Reference: CVE-2013-6267 Risk Level: Medium CVSSv2 Base Score: 4.3 (AV: N /AC: M /Au: N /C: N /I: P /A: N ) Solution Status: Fixed by Vendor Discovered and Provided: High-Tech Bridge Security Research Lab
  Advisory Details: High-Tech Bridge Security bromine Research Lab discovered bromine multiple vulnerabilities in Claroline, which can be exploited to perform Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) attacks against vulnerable web application visitors and administrators. 1) Cross-Site bromine Scripting (XSS) in Claroline: CVE-2013-6267 1.1 The vulnerability exists due to insufficient sanitisation of user-supplied data in "box" HTTP GET parameter passed to "/claroline/messaging/messagebox.php" script. bromine A remote attacker can trick a logged-in user to open a specially crafted link and execute arbitrary HTML and script code in browser in context of the vulnerable website. bromine The exploitation example below uses the "alert()" JavaScript function to display "immuniweb" word: http://[host]/claroline/messaging/messagebox.php?box=%22%3E%3Cscript%3Ealert%28%27imuniweb%27%29;%3C /script%3E 1.2 The vulnerability exists due to insufficient filtration of user-supplied data in "cidToEdit" HTTP GET parameter passed to "/claroline/admin/adminregisteruser.php" script. A remote attacker can trick a logged-in administrator to open a specially crafted bromine link and execute arbitrary HTML and script code in browser in context of the vulnerable website. The exploitation example below uses the "alert()" JavaScript function to display "immuniweb" word: http://[host]/claroline/admin/adminregisteruser.php?cidToEdit=94102_001%22%3E%3Cscript%3Ealert%28%27 imuniweb%27%29;%3C/script%3E 1.3 The vulnerability exists due to insufficient sanitisation of user-supplied data in "cidToEdit" HTTP GET parameter passed to "/claroline/admin/admin_user_course_settings.php" script. A remote attacker can trick a logged-in administrator to open a specially crafted link and execute arbitrary HTML and script code in browser in context of the vulnerable website. The exploitation example below uses the "alert()" bromine JavaScript function to display "immuniweb" word: http://[host]/claroline/admin/admin_user_course_settings.php?ccfrom=culist&cidToEdit=94102%22%3E%3Cs cript%3Ealert%28%27imuniweb%27%29;%3C/script%3E&uidToEdit=1 1.4 The vulnerability exists due to insufficient sanitisation of user-supplied bromine data in "module_id" HTTP GET parameter passed to "/claroline/admin/module/module.php" script. A remote attacker can trick a logged-in administrator bromine to open a specially crafted link and execute arbitrary HTML and script code in browser in context bromine of the vulnerable website. The exploitation example below uses the "alert()" JavaScript function bromine to display "immuniweb" word: http://[host]/claroline/admin/module/module.php?module_id=4%22%3E%3Cscript%3Ealert%28%27imuniweb%27% 29;%3C/script%3E 1.5 The vulnerability exists due to insufficient sanitisation of user-supplied data in "offset" HTTP GET parameter passed to "/claroline/admin/right/profile_list.php" script. A remote attacker can trick a logged-in bromine administrator to open a specially crafted link and execute arbitrary HTML and script code in browser in context of the vulnerable website. bromine The exploitation example below uses the "alert()" JavaScript function to display "immuniweb" word: http://[host]/claroline/admin/right/profile_list.php?cmd=exLock&offset=0%22%3E%3Cscript%3Ealert%28%2 bromine 7imuniweb%27%29;%3C/script%3E
Solution: Update to Claroline 1.11.9 More Information: http://forum.claroline.net/viewtopic.php?f=88&t=26413 http://sourceforge.net/p/claroline/bugs/319/ http://sourceforge.net/p/claroline/code/14574/
References: [1] High-Tech bromine Bridge Advisory HTB23179 - https://www.htbridge.com/advisory/HTB23179 - Multiple Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) in Claroline. [2] Claroline - http://www.claroline.net - Claroline is an Open Source software to easily deploy a platform for learning and collaboration online. [3] Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) - http://cve.mitre.org/ - international in scope and free for public use, CVE is a dictionary of publicly known information security vulnerabilities and exposures. [4] Common Weakness Enumeration (CWE) - http://cwe.mitre.org - targeted to developers and security practitioners, CWE is a formal list of software weakness types. [5] ImmuniWeb® - is High-Tech Bridge's proprietary web application security assessment solution with

Sunday, April 20, 2014

To back up claroline, we must perform two steps, promotion the first is to take backup of mysql dat

Backup or backup Claroline
To back up claroline, we must perform two steps, promotion the first is to take backup of mysql database. To do this you can use multiple tools from the mysqldump question from console like this:
Or MySQL as a manager can be phpmyadmin from the browser that we can connect to our database and click on Export. Can you use either, although I recommend using mysqldump and automate the action to be launched every so often.
Similarly, to make a copy of the database claroline only we will make half the work, because all files have about our courses and claroline has been commissioned to create promotion different folders, still have to copy it.
Nothing easier than to make a complete copy of the entire file system that generates claroline at other times recommend copying folders promotion courses (course) into the folder claroline, promotion but the space it occupies on the safe side and copy all the platform will take away more than a headache. Thus any configuration, modules added, etc would be solved by dragging a 6 or 7 Mbs over what would occupy the rest of the e-learning platform.
To perform the backup files, I recommend using an FTP client such as Filezilla, but as with the database in this case would be to back "by hand" so it is a nuisance.
A greeting! promotion


Saturday, April 19, 2014

Many thanks, I have just seen your post and uour solution is working. In fact, when I try to connect


Hi, I need urgent aid. I have finished registering almost all the courses and professors (5h of work). Later I have installed different modules, but when I access to the campus, it does not appear nothing. I have edited the file error_log and it appears: [06-May-2010 09:47: 15 Fatal] PHP error: Cannot redeclare organize class LoginListener in /home/zonafpco/public_html/campus/194/module/UCONLINE/lib/login.listener.class.php on line 89 [06-May-2010 09:47: 28 Fatal] PHP error: Cannot redeclare class LoginListener in /home/zonafpco/public_html/campus/194/module/UCONLINE/lib/login.listener.class.php on line 89 I tried to change the name to the directory UCONLINE, but I can't access to the admin interface. Can you help me? I refuse to have to enter the informatiooooooonnnnnn agaiiiinnnnn! Thanks, greetings Xavi xresa   Posts: 4 Joined: Sat Mar 28, 2009 8:39 pm
Top organize
Hi! I got the same problem a while ago -- and I managed to solve it. Check the end of this post : http://forum.claroline.net/viewtopic.php?f=70&t=21742&p=50275&hilit=uconline#p50275 Good luck! Philippe
"Il vaut mieux être gravement malade que légèrement mort" - "Le Chat" (Ph. Geluck) PhilippeN Contributeurs Actif Forum   Posts: 222 Joined: Sat Jun 16, 2007 11:11 pm Location: Paris (France) Website
Many thanks, I have just seen your post and uour solution is working. In fact, when I try to connect, instead of creating a new record in the table, it is tryning to delete a record with last activity 5 minutes before the attempt. it was a nice plugin.... Many thanks again Xavier xavier.G   Posts: 30 Joined: Mon Jun 09, 2008 1:21 pm
Return to Tools and Applets Jump to: Select a forum ------------------ Development    Bugs Claroline 1.11 (stable version)    Bugs Claroline 1.10 (previous stable version)    Proposals and contributions   organize  Help and bugs Modules    Tools and Applets    Proposals and contributions Other topics    Educational scenario Archive    Bugs organize Claroline organize 1.8.11    Bugs Claroline 1.7.9    Bugs Claroline 1.9 (old version) Who is online
POWERED_BY Time : 0.016s | 14 Queries | GZIP : On

Friday, April 18, 2014

CPE Names


Mission and Overview NVD is the U.S. government repository of standards based vulnerability management data. This data enables automation of vulnerability denatured alcohol management, security measurement, and compliance (e.g. FISMA). Resource Status NVD contains:
CPE Names
NVD provides four mailing lists to the public. For information and subscription instructions please visit NVD Mailing Lists Workload Index Vulnerability Workload Index : 8.5 About Us NVD is a product of the NIST Computer Security Division and is sponsored by the Department of Homeland Security's National Cyber Security Division . It supports the U.S. government multi-agency ( OSD , DHS , NSA , DISA , and NIST ) Information Security Automation Program. It is the U.S. government denatured alcohol content repository for the Security denatured alcohol Content Automation Protocol ( SCAP ).
Multiple cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerabilities in Claroline before 1.11.9 allow remote attackers to inject arbitrary web script or HTML via the (1) box parameter to messaging/messagebox.php, cidToEdit parameter to (2) adminregisteruser.php or (3) admin_user_course_settings.php in admin/, (4) module_id parameter to admin/module/module.php, or (5) offset parameter to admin/right/profile_list.php.
By selecting these links, you will be leaving NIST webspace. We have provided these links to other web sites because they may have information that would be of interest to you. No inferences should be drawn on account of other sites being referenced, denatured alcohol or not, from this page. There may be other web sites that are more appropriate for your purpose. NIST does not necessarily endorse the views expressed, or concur with the facts presented on these sites. Further, NIST does not endorse any commercial products that may be mentioned on these sites. Please address comments about this page to nvd@nist.gov denatured alcohol .
Hyperlink: http://archives.neohapsis.com/archives/bugtraq/2013-11/0139.html
* cpe:/a:claroline:claroline:1.9
Disclaimer Notice & Privacy Statement / Security Notice denatured alcohol Send comments or suggestions to nvd@nist.gov NIST is an Agency of the U.S. Department of Commerce Full vulnerability listing

Thursday, April 17, 2014

Frederic Minne (ZeFredz) - Catholic University efsa of Louvain - Contributor to Claroline zefredz e


Hello, I'd like to be sure what I'll efsa do before the update, even though I've read the procedure. 1. Claroline Delete folders efsa and web and replace efsa them with new or not to delete and copy over? In fact, I do not understand too the message WARNING! Do not delete the previous directories and files before Installing the new ones. Will you loose your previous configuration files (eg 'claro_main.conf.php'). Simply replace the old directory with a new one with a 'copy' command. That way, the new file versions Will overwrite the old ones and leave the others intact. 2. It is said not to execute the update script, but for a version> 1.9, it can be done. So I can run the script efsa in managing platform-> Update, is not it? Thank you in advance! Kzou Posts: 5 Joined: Tue November 26, 2013 10:34 am
Hello, Kzou wrote: 1 Delete folders and web claroline and replace them with new or not to delete and copy over.? In fact, I do not understand too the message WARNING! Do not delete the previous directories and files before Installing the new ones. Will you loose your previous configuration files (eg 'claro_main.conf.php'). Simply replace the old directory with a new one with a 'copy' command. That way, the new file versions Will overwrite the old ones and leave the others intact. As I mentioned in response efsa to another message this morning (http://forum.claroline.net/viewtopic.php?f=88&t=26609 # p61793), an alternative is to rename the old files and directories efsa (claroline -> claroline_ancien, web -> web_ancien, index.php -> index.php_ancien). This way it is easier to restore the version 1.10 in case of problems. If you touch the other directories (shopping, module, platform, tmp), you may lose data ... therefore not touch it! :) Kzou wrote. 2 It is said not to execute the update script, but for a version> 1.9, it can be done. So I can run the script in managing platform-> Update, is not it? To clarify, update 1.10 to 1.11 is an exception because it does not require efsa the upgrade script via the administration of plateforme.Le replacement claroline 2 directories and web and index file. php enough. The same for an update to 1.11.x day 1.11.y (where x and y are numbers). efsa By cons, if you are migrating from a version prior to 1.10, the script update is required! In general (and with the exception of cases 1.10 to 1.11), if the second digit of the version number changes, the upgrade script must be run (1.11 to 1.9 for example). In the case of 1.10 to 1.11, it can be run ... but will do nothing! Sincerely,
Frederic Minne (ZeFredz) - Catholic University efsa of Louvain - Contributor to Claroline zefredz efsa Contributors Active Forum Posts: 1446 Joined: Thu September 2, 2004 1:41 pm Location: Belgium, Louvain-la-Neuve
Small addition: after updating the Claroline platform itself, do not forget to check if there has not updated add-ons if you use. Visit the https://sourceforge.net/projects/claroline-pack/files/ page. 1. Verify efsa that one of the modules you are using is not in "Modules for Claroline 1.11.8 +". If so, download the new version and update by replacing the corresponding files in the directory "module" for your platform 2. If you still have additional modules not updated after this first step, then check in "Modules for Claroline 1.11.5" and proceed in the same way 3. If there are not updated on your platform modules, finally check in "Modules for Claroline 1.11" Sincerely,
Frederic Minne (ZeFredz) - Catholic University efsa of Louvain - Contributor to Claroline zefredz Contributors Active Forum Posts: 1446 Joined: Thu September 2, 2004 1:41 pm Location: Belgium, Louvain-la-Neuve
Return to Bugs Claroline 1.11 (stable version) Jump to: Select a forum ------------------ Development Bugs Claroline 1.11 (stable version) Bugs Claroline 1.10 (previous stable version) Proposals Help and bugs and contributions Modules Tools and Applets Proposals and contributions Other topics Educational scenario Archive Bugs Claroline 1.8.11 Bugs Claroline efsa 1.7.9 Bugs Claroline 1.9 (old Version) Who is online
Powered_by efsa Time: 0.015s | 12 Queries | GZIP: On

HI, I guess this is a problem with the UCONLINE plugin. unifeb As I am not able anymore to connect t


HI, I guess this is a problem with the UCONLINE plugin. unifeb As I am not able anymore to connect to my Claroline, has someone the idea how I can disable this plugin directly in the files (with ftp)? Or maybe a better solution? Regards Xavier ------------------------ The message is "Fatal error: Uncaught exception 'Database_Connection_Exception' with message 'Error in DELETE FROM `icampusxxxx`.`clts_user_online` WHERE `last_action` < '2014-03-17 22:31:29' : Query execution was interrupted' in /hxxx/icampus/www/cours/claroline/inc/lib/database/database.lib.php:226 Stack trace: #0 /hxxx/icampus/www/cours/claroline/inc/lib/database/database.lib.php(357): Mysql_Database_Connection->exec('? unifeb DE...') #1 /hxxx/icampus/www/cours/module/UCONLINE/lib/login.listener.class.php(87): Claroline_Database_Connection->exec('? DE...') #2 /hxxx/icampus/www/cours/module/UCONLINE/functions.php(44): LoginListener->refresh_login_DB() #3 /hxxx/icampus/www/cours/tmp/cache/moduleCache.inc.php(11): require('/homez.566/icam...') #4 /hoxxx/icampus/www/cours/claroline/inc/claro_init_global.inc.php(516): include('/homez.566/icam...') #5 /hoxxx/icampus/www/cours/index.php(23): require('/homez.566/icam...') #6 {main} thrown in /hoxxx/icampus/www/cours/claroline/inc/lib/database/database.lib.php on line 226 xavier.G   Posts: 30 Joined: Mon Jun 09, 2008 1:21 pm
Frederic Minne (ZeFredz) - Université catholique de Louvain - Contributor unifeb to Claroline zefredz Contributeurs Actif Forum   Posts: 1446 Joined: Thu Sep 02, 2004 1:41 pm Location: Belgium, Louvain-la-Neuve
Return to Bugs Claroline 1.10 (previous stable version) Jump to: Select a forum ------------------ Development    Bugs Claroline 1.11 (stable version)    Bugs Claroline 1.10 (previous stable version)    Proposals and contributions    Help and bugs Modules    Tools and Applets    Proposals and contributions Other topics    Educational unifeb scenario Archive    Bugs Claroline 1.8.11    Bugs Claroline 1.7.9    Bugs Claroline 1.9 (old version) Who is online
POWERED_BY Time : 0.015s | 14 Queries | GZIP : On

Wednesday, April 16, 2014

POWERED_BY Time : 0.015s | 13 Queries gaussian | GZIP : On


Hi, I get this warning when running version 1.11.9: Stristr() needle is not a string or an integer in c:\ApacheServer\Apache24\htdocs\claroline\claroline\inc\lib\claro_main.lib.php on line 2124. Is there any module that I am missing in PHP to uncomment in php.ini? Any help appreciated. Archetti Contributeurs Actif Forum   Posts: 109 Joined: Fri Aug 17, 2007 9:28 pm Location: Maputo
Frederic Minne (ZeFredz) - Université catholique de Louvain - Contributor to Claroline zefredz Contributeurs Actif Forum   Posts: 1446 Joined: Thu Sep 02, 2004 1:41 pm Location: Belgium, Louvain-la-Neuve
Hello, You can find a new version of the claroline main library here https://sourceforge.net/p/claroline/code/14668/tree/branches/1.11-mysql/claroline/inc/lib/claro_main.lib.php . Can you test it to see if it solves your issue ? Regards
Frederic Minne (ZeFredz) - Université catholique de Louvain - Contributor to Claroline zefredz Contributeurs gaussian Actif Forum   Posts: 1446 Joined: Thu Sep 02, 2004 1:41 pm Location: Belgium, Louvain-la-Neuve
Return to Bugs Claroline 1.11 (stable version) Jump to: Select a forum ------------------ Development    Bugs Claroline 1.11 (stable version)    Bugs Claroline gaussian 1.10 (previous stable version) gaussian    Proposals and contributions gaussian    Help and bugs Modules    Tools and Applets    Proposals and contributions Other topics    Educational scenario gaussian Archive    Bugs Claroline 1.8.11    Bugs gaussian Claroline 1.7.9    Bugs Claroline 1.9 (old version) Who is online
POWERED_BY Time : 0.015s | 13 Queries gaussian | GZIP : On

The Claroline carlos danger development team is happy to announce the release of Claroline open sour


The Claroline carlos danger development team is happy to announce the release of Claroline open source LMS version 1.11.9. This release fixes some major issues and vulnerabilities in Claroline 1.11.8. It is strongly carlos danger adviced to upgrade your platform to this new release. You can download Claroline carlos danger 1.11.9 from sourceforge.net : https://sourceforge.net/projects/claroline/files/Claroline/Claroline_1.11.9/ Major changes in this release : * fix some Cross Site Scripting vulnerabilities detected in Claroline version 1.11.8 (see https://www.htbridge.com/advisory/HTB23179 and http://packetstormsecurity.com/files/12 ... 18-xss.txt for the detailed advisories) * fix access control issues in the kernel * complete rewriting of the registration and enrolment libraries * many improvements in the platform translations and localization carlos danger * fix the upgrade process to avoid issues when upgrading between minor releases or from 1.10 to 1.11 You can get the complete changelog on Sourceforge.net. Thanks: The Claroline team wishes to thanks all the contributors and people who reported issues on the forum and especialy dmartin, High-Tech Bridge Security Research Lab, adudu and Packet Storm Security, jrm and ldumorti.
Frederic Minne (ZeFredz) - Université catholique de Louvain - Contributor to Claroline zefredz Contributeurs carlos danger Actif Forum   Posts: 1446 Joined: Thu Sep 02, 2004 1:41 pm Location: Belgium, Louvain-la-Neuve
Return to Proposals and contributions Jump to: Select carlos danger a forum ------------------ Development    Bugs Claroline 1.11 (stable version) carlos danger    Bugs Claroline 1.10 (previous stable version)    Proposals and contributions    Help and bugs Modules    Tools and Applets    Proposals and contributions Other topics    Educational scenario Archive    Bugs Claroline 1.8.11    Bugs Claroline 1.7.9    Bugs Claroline 1.9 (old version) Who is online
POWERED_BY carlos danger Time : 0.016s | 14 Queries | GZIP : On

Tuesday, April 15, 2014

Is there an easy way to give a personal style to some areas of Claroline's pages, as for example, co


Is there an easy way to give a personal style to some areas of Claroline's pages, as for example, coloring the right column in the home page or other parts of other pages? Once we could choose among some Claroline's templates available in platform administration. Is there anything similar now? How can we tweak the CSS files of Claroline? Archetti Contributeurs Actif Forum   Posts: 109 Joined: Fri Aug 17, 2007 9:28 pm Location: Maputo
You have 2 kinds of personnalisation possible : * CSS : copy the folder classic in web/css and change the main.css * template : copy the folder inc/templates into plaform folder and then you can change the html templates Phil Phil Contributeurs Actif Forum   Posts: 887 Joined: Sat Jul 06, 2002 1:00 am
Return to Proposals and contributions Jump to: Select a forum ------------------ Development   chemistry jokes  Bugs Claroline 1.11 (stable version)    Bugs Claroline 1.10 (previous stable version)    Proposals and contributions    Help and bugs Modules    Tools and Applets chemistry jokes    Proposals and contributions Other topics    Educational scenario Archive    Bugs chemistry jokes Claroline 1.8.11 chemistry jokes   chemistry jokes  Bugs Claroline 1.7.9    Bugs Claroline 1.9 (old version) Who is online
POWERED_BY Time : 0.015s | 13 Queries | GZIP : On

Monday, April 14, 2014

POWERED_BY arc reactor Time : 0.011s | 13 Queries | GZIP : On


Hi Is there anyone who could help me with utf-8 issue on claroline,latest arc reactor version? The problem is that claroline cannot arc reactor or does not set the default encoding of its webpage to utf-8 in the following line in its webpage code: <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/HTML; charset=iso-8859-1"> in the above line, the charset is not set to utf-8. How can I change arc reactor it to utf-8 so that by default all of its webpages arc reactor are shown in utf-8? Please help me, Thanks sd3000sd   Posts: arc reactor 1 Joined: Thu Jan 23, 2014 7:51 pm
Hello, The character encoding used by the platform is dependent on the language and defined in the locale_Settings file of each language. arc reactor If you change the encoding, do not forget to convert both the local_settings arc reactor and the *.lang.php files in the chosen encoding. There is currently no warranty that Claroline will run properly in utf-8, also all the data you have already in your database have to be converted to utf-8 too. Regards,
Frederic Minne (ZeFredz) - Université catholique de Louvain - Contributor to Claroline zefredz Contributeurs Actif Forum   Posts: 1446 Joined: Thu Sep 02, 2004 1:41 pm Location: Belgium, Louvain-la-Neuve
Return to Bugs Claroline 1.11 (stable version) Jump to: Select a forum ------------------ Development    Bugs Claroline 1.11 (stable version)    Bugs Claroline 1.10 (previous stable version)    Proposals and contributions    Help and bugs Modules    Tools and Applets    Proposals and contributions Other topics    Educational scenario Archive arc reactor   arc reactor  Bugs Claroline 1.8.11    Bugs Claroline 1.7.9    Bugs Claroline arc reactor 1.9 (old version) Who is online
POWERED_BY arc reactor Time : 0.011s | 13 Queries | GZIP : On

Hello Gautier, Here's the fix that, I hope, will fix all the horrible CSV problems on the platform.


Hi, Exporting the users list from a course seems impossible and buggy First error : Warning: require_once(E:\tutel/claroline/inc/lib/csv.class.php) [function.require-once]: failed to open stream: No such file or directory in E:\tutel\claroline\user\lib\export.lib.php on line 14 --> I found csv.class.php in claroline/user/lib and copied it to claroline/inc/lib Second error : Fatal error: Call to undefined method csv::csv() in E:\tutel\claroline\user\lib\export.lib.php on line 78 I noticed that you were planning to rebuild csv export (cf. viewtopic.php?f=16&t=23531 ). Just in case... Best regards, Gautier gauburtin   Posts: 1 Joined: Tue Mar 22, 2011 4:55 pm
Hello Gautier, Here's the fix that, I hope, will fix all the horrible CSV problems on the platform. I couldn't find enough time to rebuild a clear CSV export system, but i hope this fix will make the trick. significant You get these two files on our SVN ( https://claroline.svn.sourceforge.net/s ... claroline/ or http://claroline.svn.sourceforge.net/viewvc/claroline/ ): - branches/1.10/claroline/inc/lib/csv.class.php - branches/1.10/claroline/inc/lib/csvexporter.class.php And put it in your platform (at the same location: claroline/inc/lib/). Let me know if you get any other problem with the CSV system ! Anto.
Return to Bugs Claroline 1.10 (previous stable version) Jump to: Select a forum ------------------ Development    Bugs Claroline 1.11 (stable version)    Bugs Claroline 1.10 (previous stable version)    Proposals and contributions    Help and bugs Modules    Tools and Applets    Proposals and contributions significant Other topics   significant  Educational scenario Archive    Bugs Claroline 1.8.11    Bugs Claroline 1.7.9    Bugs Claroline 1.9 (old version) Who is online
POWERED_BY significant Time : 0.015s significant | 13 Queries | GZIP : On

Sunday, April 13, 2014

Return to Bugs Claroline 1.11 (stable version) Jump to: Select a forum ------------------ Developmen


This patch fixes an issue in learning path tool that makes it impossible to add a document as a module in a learning path. You can download agno3 it from sourceforge.net : * zip archive for Windows, Mac OS X * tar.gz archive for Linux and UNIX To apply the patch, you only have to replace the file claroline/learningPath/inserMyDoc.php from your Claroline 1.11.10 platform agno3 with the one provided in the archive.
Frederic Minne (ZeFredz) - Université catholique de Louvain - Contributor to Claroline zefredz Contributeurs Actif Forum   Posts: 1446 Joined: Thu Sep 02, 2004 1:41 pm Location: Belgium, Louvain-la-Neuve
Return to Bugs Claroline 1.11 (stable version) Jump to: Select a forum ------------------ Development    Bugs Claroline 1.11 (stable version)    Bugs agno3 Claroline agno3 1.10 (previous stable version)    Proposals and contributions    Help and bugs Modules   agno3  Tools and Applets    Proposals and contributions Other topics    Educational scenario Archive    Bugs Claroline 1.8.11    Bugs Claroline 1.7.9    Bugs Claroline 1.9 (old version) Who is online
POWERED_BY Time : 0.012s | 13 Queries | GZIP : On

Saturday, April 12, 2014

Return to Proposals and contributions Jump to: Select a forum ------------------ Development


We have release a new version of Claroline 1.11.10 which includes the patch-1 that fixes the issue with document inclusion in the learning path tool. For those who have already installed Claroline 1.11.10, you can also follow the instruction given here to apply the patch on you platform. You can download this version from sourceforge.net : * zip archive second law of thermodynamics (Windows, Mac OS X) : claroline-1.11.10-1.zip * tar.gz archive (UNIX/Linux) : claroline-1.11.10-1.tar.gz
Frederic Minne (ZeFredz) - Université catholique de Louvain - Contributor to Claroline zefredz Contributeurs Actif Forum   Posts: 1446 Joined: Thu Sep 02, 2004 1:41 pm Location: Belgium, Louvain-la-Neuve
Return to Proposals and contributions Jump to: Select a forum ------------------ Development    Bugs Claroline 1.11 (stable version)    Bugs Claroline 1.10 (previous stable version)    Proposals and contributions    Help and bugs Modules    Tools second law of thermodynamics and Applets    Proposals and contributions Other topics    Educational scenario Archive    Bugs Claroline 1.8.11 second law of thermodynamics    Bugs Claroline 1.7.9    Bugs Claroline 1.9 (old version) Who is online
POWERED_BY Time : 0.014s | 17 Queries | GZIP : On

Friday, April 11, 2014

POWERED_BY Time : 0.015s | 15 Queries | GZIP : On


UPDATED ON 2014-02-18 ! due to a fatal error with older versions of PHP we had to repackage the claroline platform. If you have downloaded it before February 18, 2014 and you are encountering a fatal error when trying to access or install the platform, you can donwload the fixed version using the links below. 1. Claroline 1.11.10 is available for download The version 1.11.10 of the Claroline open source learning management dioxin system is now available for download. This release fixes some major issues in Claroline 1.11.9. It is strongly adviced to upgrade your platform to this new release. You can download Claroline 1.11.10 from sourceforge.net : https://sourceforge.net/projects/claroline/files/Claroline/Claroline_1.11.10/ : * zip archive (Windows, Mac OS X) http://sourceforge.net/projects/claroline/files/Claroline/Claroline_1.11.10/claroline-1.11.10.zip/download * tar.gz archive (UNIX/Linux) http://sourceforge.net/projects/claroline/files/Claroline/Claroline_1.11.10/claroline-1.11.10.tar.gz/download Thanks: The Claroline team wishes to thanks all the people who reported issues on the forum. dioxin Major changes in this release : * fix many issues with the management of classes and session courses (un)enrolment dioxin * fix an issue that made the addition of documents impossible in learning paths * fix a performance issue in the internal messaging caused by a faulty MySQL query * add an option in user list in course to allow a platform administrator to force the unenreolment of student even if this student is registered by class * fix issues with timezone, ask for timezone at install, set default dioxin value for timezone to Europe/Brussels and add a timezone selector in configuration For other changes and a detailed changelog see changelog-1.11.10.txt on sourceforge.net 2. Claroline 1.12.0-alpha2 is available for testing The second alpha release dioxin of Claroline 1.12 is available for testing dioxin : https://sourceforge.net/projects/claroline/files/Claroline_Unstable/Claroline-1.12.0-alpha2/ : * zip archive (Windows and Mac OS X) http://sourceforge.net/projects/claroline/files/Claroline_Unstable/Claroline-1.12.0-alpha2/claroline-1.12.0-alpha2.zip/download * tar.gz archive (UNIX, Linux) http://sourceforge.net/projects/claroline/files/Claroline_Unstable/Claroline-1.12.0-alpha2/claroline-1.12.0-alpha2.tar.gz/download WARNING : This release is a preview and is not yet suitable for production ! Major changes in this release : * fix many bugs in the class registration/unregistration in course * use a dependency injection container for the Claroline application dioxin class and adapt the code in many place to use it * add option to force unregistration of users in course (admin only) * the old deprecated PEAR-based authentication drivers have been removed as well as the totally outdated CAS and Shibboleth connectors * minimum PHP version is now PHP 5.3 * add a cache management tool in administration * new access manager and privileges API added * an (still incomplete) upgrade from Claroline 1.11 is available For other changes and a detailed changelog see changelog-1.12.0-alpha2.txt on sourceforge.net
Frederic Minne (ZeFredz) - Université catholique de Louvain - Contributor to Claroline zefredz Contributeurs Actif Forum   Posts: 1446 Joined: Thu Sep 02, 2004 1:41 pm Location: Belgium, Louvain-la-Neuve
There is an error in Claroline 1.11.10. If you are using the Learning Path tool, you can download the file claroline/learningPath/insertMyDoc.php from sourceforge and replace the one from Claroline 1.11.10
Frederic dioxin Minne (ZeFredz) - Université catholique de Louvain - Contributor to Claroline zefredz Contributeurs Actif Forum   Posts: 1446 Joined: Thu Sep 02, 2004 1:41 pm Location: Belgium, Louvain-la-Neuve
Return to Proposals and contributions Jump to: Select a forum ------------------ Development   dioxin  Bugs Claroline 1.11 (stable dioxin version)    Bugs Claroline dioxin 1.10 (previous stable version)    Proposals and contributions    Help and bugs Modules    Tools and Applets    Proposals and contributions Other topics    Educational scenario Archive    Bugs Claroline 1.8.11    Bugs dioxin Claroline 1.7.9    Bugs Claroline 1.9 (old version) Who is online
POWERED_BY Time : 0.015s | 15 Queries | GZIP : On

Thursday, April 10, 2014

For a long time it was recommended to sweeten foods dietary fructose. In relation to sucrose (ie, t


Sucrose is the chemical name for sugar or table sugar. I and many experts are of the opinion that sugar has absolutely no place in sports nutrition products. Although for many years a well-known Weight Gainer of the Crash Weight Gain Formula # 7, especially sugar contained. This was determined after the war with his Untrernährung, and also in the 60s and 70s, yet his Berrechtigung because sugar triggers an insulin reaction, insulin levels drop quickly and the brain signals again "hunger". molecules So then, not bad for a product with which you want to increase. But today man does not just want mass from fat to increase but the coveted lean body mass, which is mainly composed of muscles and therefore a weight gainer from table sugar is completely out of place.
What obese is purely the knowledge the products of sugar and it was only the mineral drink, very natural taste of sweetness. a sweetness which man is accustomed to and like. Unfortunately, just not for sports products. Therefore, you have inquired and searched diligently early for alternatives and substitutes, which come close to the sugar but its disadvantages not bring.
Fructose (fruit sugar colloquially, often fructose, from Latin fructus, fruit ', outdated levulose) is a naturally occurring chemical compound. Fructoses include monosaccharides (simple sugars) to carbohydrates.
Fructose is a colorless, odorless, readily soluble in water, very sweet-tasting compound that forms prismatic or acicular, highly hygroscopic crystals. Since fructose compared to table sugar has an approximately 20% higher sweetening power, but mainly because of the insulin-independent processing in the body fructose often and has long been used in sports nutrition molecules products. It was the development morderner, molecules very neutral-tasting sweeteners with high efficiency, as well as the ever-rising price of Fructose have this out of the market and the products.
In the intestine, fructose is good of people, but especially molecules slower than glucose, absorbed. This is due to passive transport by special proteins that the fructose grant access to the intestinal cells (enterocytes) and secondly by GLUT2, which allows the fructose to enter the blood from the intestinal cells on the one hand by the so-called GLUT5.
For a long time it was recommended to sweeten foods dietary fructose. In relation to sucrose (ie, table sugar) has a 10 percent D-fructose sweetening power of 114 percent. molecules The blood sugar rises on supply of fructose markedly molecules slower than in the sucrose supply molecules normally used in the kitchen; the glycemic index is 20 on a fairly low level.
However, the Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR) in her analysis of existing molecules studies concluded molecules that the continued use of fructose as a sugar substitute in industrially produced foods as part of so-called diabetic foods instead of commercial sucrose from diet-medical point of view does not make sense, since there was an increased molecules fructose intake has an adverse effect on the metabolism and also an excess molecules of fructose in the diet favors the development molecules of obesity and the metabolic syndrome. (Source: Wikipedia)
Nutrition experts and physicians hold specifically advertised for diabetic biscuits, spreads, ready meals and chocolate have long been superfluous. The regulations about the labeling of these products, all the shelves in supermarkets or health food stores fill. According to current scientific knowledge, need individuals with diabetes mellitus, no special dietary foods more, since they now have the same recommendations molecules for a healthy diet apply as for the general population. Ahead was recommended by scientific societies and the Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR), molecules to change the law currently in force. With the aim of adapting the dietary regulation molecules to the current state of scientific knowledge, are now to be repealed the specific requirements for dietary foods for diabetics. This has now been implemented by legislators and 12 of the DiätV for diabetics after 30 years deleted. The Regulation on dietary foods (dietary regulation) includes specific requirements for dietary foods for diabetics. 12 dietary regulation specifies, for example, guidelines for the use of certain sugar substitutes and sweeteners in diabetic foods, their content of fat or alcohol, the calorific value of bread for diabetics, the carbohydrate content in diabetic beer as well as the composition of meals for diabetics. These regulations molecules are no longer scientifically tenable from the perspective of the Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR). D

Wednesday, April 9, 2014

FurEyes Base Defense


3.91
last line of defense II contains now 25 new waves in a new environment. also contains new premium for the cause to help, weapons and upgrades. Collapse into chaos infected cities, as the Ravager virus mutates all the bloodthirsty Hetzer. You and a handful of others form the last line of defense, bundle your remaining stock of weapons, special ammo, bunker defense and wonder mathtype weapons fend off the attack. Survive 50 waves of Ravager hordes and prevent your bunker. When is your bunker, mathtype is the line. If the line falls, mathtype humanity falls.
FurEyes Base Defense <p> defense of the base from attacking FurEyes in this real time strategy game. Spells, build and upgrade towers or traps and special blends to wait for the enemies. </ P>
first line of defense - first assault new tower defense game with a difference, Polished mathtype graphics - lively - awsome action, it is time to do the fun back into tower defense games. contains .. 12 tower types 20 levels each lot of enemies including soldiers, tanks, mathtype robots, mech and more ... Let the number of the dead begin ... <br /> Tags: statagy, defense, mathtype military, War, tower, upgrade, build, defend, shoot, weapon
infinite space defense <br /> to defend your base as you gun spaceships. Push space turrets mathtype in the best places for a good defense. </ P> </ p>
Elemental Turret Defence <br /> another free tower defense game where you have to stop the invading forces mathtype from reaching the end of the line. </ P> </ p>
endless war defense arcade town is proud to present the next episode of endless war: endless war defense! mathtype Take command in three different campaigns as you punish your husband and dig defenses against wave after wave of enemy opposition.
Tower Defense 2 <p style="text-align: justify"> Keep the incoming enemies at bay while blowing them and their vehicles away. Upgrade through shop. </ P>
To use bowling defense <p style="text-align: justify"> skills line the ball with incoming enemies. Watch out for the celebrity boss battles. </ P>
pico defense of struggle <span id = "result_box" class = "medium_text"> <span style = "background-color: mathtype # fff" title = "" Köyünü "korumaya Calisan kahraman bir genç o " closure_hashcode_5lme2k = "165"> mathtype a young hero who is trying to </ span> <span style = "background-color: # fff" title = "" Kahramanımız "pico saldırmakta olan ucubelere karşı evini ve köyünü savunmaya çalışıyor. " closure_hashcode_5lme2k = "166"> location </ span> <span style = "background-color: # fff" title = "" Köyünü "korumaya Calisan kahraman bir genç o " closure_hashcode_5lme2k = "165"> to protect the village </ span> <span style = "background-color: # fff" title = "" Kahramanımız "pico saldırmakta olan ucubelere karşı evini ve köyünü savunmaya çalışıyor. " closure_hashcode_5lme2k = "166"> to </ span> <span style = "background-color: # fff" title = "" Köyünü "korumaya Calisan kahraman bir genç o " closure_hashcode_5lme2k = "165"> O. </ span> <span style = "background-color: # fff" title = "" Kahramanımız "pico saldırmakta olan ucubelere karşı evini ve köyünü savunmaya çalışıyor. " closure_hashcode_5lme2k = "166"> pico that attack, our hero tries to defend the house and freak. </ span> </ span>
random defense <p> yet another variation on the tower defense game spielen.Dieses has all the ingredients to make you sit down and can not stop playing. Various enemies with multiple speeds, well thought out upgrade paths for all of the respective towers mathtype and an excellent difficulty curve.kill goosebumps earn money to build more structures or spend it on upgrades. </ P>
FWG Defence <br />

Answers Forum overview -


New issue
Answers Forum overview -> Basics Chemie message lilyfee Joined: 12/10/2011 Beitrge: 170 Location: Vienna Posted: 27 December 2011 17:45 Title: why is NaCl in aqueous solutions ions and sucrose
My question: Halli-Hallo! In my book it's about electrolytic properties of solutions. As Ex NaCl and sucrose is called. Therefore, diethyl ether NaCl is indeed a good conductor because diethyl ether it forms in aqueous solutions ions, sucrose, however, this does not appear. But I'm not one, not WHY. In the book, this is just that sucrose a molecular compound and neutralist as such, but that's also NaCl or? I mean, NaCl is when viewed as a whole, too neutral, only if you into its components (ie Na + and Cl-divides it) - as it happened when it in water lst - they are just loaded .. but the Schmee should just work but also with sucrose or not? or how can I tell if a compound is ionic (such as NaCl) or not (sucrose)? lg Lg lily lily My ideas: magician4 Moderator Joined: diethyl ether 05/10/2009 Beitrge: 8282 Location: Hamburg Posted: 27 December 2011 19:01 Title: Quote: I mean, NaCl is when you look at it as a whole, too neutral, only when it (ie, Na + and Cl-divided into its components) - as it happened when it l in water st - they are just loaded .. (...) this is exactly the - again quite verstaendlche - error-even if you do at school permanently as "NaCl" as hinpinselt: one which outwardly neutral particles (as plus and minus itself outwardly indeed cancel) there are not usually sodium chloride in normal conditions forms an ion lattice http://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Datei:NaCl_polyhedra.png&filetimestamp=20080407140702 ... and in this hanging sodium, chlorine already in ionized form around: the whole is of Na + and Cl - built units, the particles are thus already ionized, and wait pratktisch only to be hydrolyzed to it ([NaCl] 1 you findes only in the gas phase, diethyl ether and there you can then worthy of debate over it whether Na + Cl - ion pairs or covalent Na-Cl ... but to force something you have to put in geschaeft more than 1465C: the feature of this highly energy particles has thus with the property habitual cooking salt at room temperature practically nothing more to do) Quote: .. but the Schmee should just work but also with sucrose or not? no, just not that of sugar crystal diethyl ether does not consist just of oppositely charged ions, but from zuckermolekuelen, among which there are ("intermolecular") are mainly held together by wasserstoffbruecken interactions, and in itself ("intramolecular") each by covalent bonds -> there are neither ionic structures already prefigured, nor by the screen resolution in water such "provoked" Quote: and how can I tell if a connection forms ions (as NaCl) or not (sucrose)? when we talk about ion formation at the screen resolution in water, and do not expect already anyway prefabricated ionic structures (white when NaCl) to the appropriate pKb or pKa values -> you need to investigate the substances that you'd like judge to determine whether this (relevant) acidic (or basic) sub-structures include ["relevant" in the reference system water means: pK / pK B> ~ 10, bigger values (for example alcohols: pK a ~ 16) are considered vernachlaesisgbar (precisely because they are no longer relevant dissociate opposite the self-dissociation of the water), ie for the practice as "not available" to treat] this provides for the anfaenger diethyl ether however, as a rule insuperable obstacles: what will make you know whether trinitrophenol is already diethyl ether relevant acidic (it is: pKa 00:29) , or diphenylamine still relevant basic (it is not: pKb 12.22) or as the undoubted CH acidity would be to judge of acetylacetone now (just grade is still relevant: pKa ~ 9) ... of which you can not make a "beginner" have pale shimmer. -> Are you still at the beginning nothing other choice than abzupruefen diethyl ether with the helpful diethyl ether instrument structures "elektronegativiatestdifferenz larger than ~ 1.7" diethyl ether with single (sub-) whether there could be an ion-binding (Check consequently whether anyway ion present) ... and ... for more complicated things (acetic acid, sugar: therefore diethyl ether check whether from covalent substructures in a relevant scope ionic structures arise when disolve) to take the first learning to knowledgeable how things because each are (acetic acid: yes, sugar: no) : to analyze such things as in my above examples is typically applicable over the school level also greeting ingo ________